Gary T. Reker
Manual with Polish standardization:
Ryszard Klamut
Adolescents, adults.
Individual or group administration, approx. 20 min.
Especially useful for:
Psychologists (MA degree in psychology required); educators, sociologists, philosophers – after completing the training
B1 – for psychologists; other professionals only after general psychometric training

DESCRIPTION: It consists of 48 statements which truthfulness is assessed by the subject on a seven-point scale from completely untrue to completely true. This statements relate to sense of life and constitute six simple scales concerning several existential attitudes (Goal, Internal Consistency, Life Control, Death Acceptance, Existential Void, and Goal Seeking), and two complex scales – Personal Sense and Equilibrium of Life Attitudes. The latter gives the global score of the questionnaire.  

RELIABILITY: Satisfactory internal consistency and stability coefficients.

VALIDITY: Results of the factor analysis prove the validity of the questionnaire and confirm strongly its assumed structure, so do the correlations with two other tools measuring sense and need for sense of life (PIL, SONG), developed on the basis of existential psychology.

NORMS: Norms for three age groups: 18 – 23, 24 – 38, and 39 – 59.

APPLICATIONS: This questionnaire measures sense of life (vs. existential void), level of understanding of life and one`s place in it, meaning of goals, beliefs about possibility of controlling one`s fate, strength of striving for change and seeking new challenges, attitude towards mortality. It can be used in research, e.g. on determinants of decision making, experiencing time, sense of individuality. Equivalent foreign versions enable intercultural comparisons. KPŻ can be used clinically to diagnose life satisfaction and existential problems, and as source of data helpful in planning therapy.

•    Kit (manual with Polish standardization, 25 questionnaires, scoring key)
•    Manual with Polish standardization
•    Questionnaires (25 copies)
•    Scoring key

Please note: All of our tests are published in Polish. There are not available other language versions of our tools.

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